Many eye diseases don’t show symptoms until the late stages. By the time patients begin to notice changes in their vision, they may already have begun to suffer from significant and irreversible vision loss.
Regular eye exams allow us to track small changes in your eye health and give us the opportunity to begin any necessary treatments before significant and permanent vision loss occurs.
Don’t wait. Request an appointment and schedule your annual eye exam today.
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) occurs when the macula becomes damaged by deposits called drusen (dry AMD) or scar tissue (wet AMD).
The macula is the sensitive part of the retina at the back of the eye that is used for central vision.
Wet AMD occurs when the blood vessels in your retina become damaged with age. Your retina will try to create replacement vessels, but they are usually weak and irregular. These new retinal vessels may bleed, causing retinal scarring, obscuring the macula and reducing your central vision.
Dry AMD may cause gradual vision loss, while wet AMD may result in rapid loss of central vision. Any damage that occurs is irreversible. However, there are a variety of treatment options that can prevent AMD from progressing. These treatments can include laser therapy and drug injections provided treatment is started early.
Glaucoma is a condition caused by an increase in the IOP, or intraocular pressure, of your eyes. As the IOP rises, it can cause slow, cumulative damage to your optic nerves. Your optic nerves are responsible for sending messages from your eyes to your brain.
Glaucoma may not exhibit symptoms until it has already caused irreversible damage and permanent vision loss, and typically gets worse over time if allowed to progress. Barrhaven Optometric uses non-contact tonometry (air puff) and applanation tonometry to test for glaucoma.
Glaucoma can be treated using medicated eye drops taken daily, which reduce the IOP in your eyes.
Cataracts are a normal part of aging, and result from the proteins in our natural lenses to become opaque,clouding our vision. Symptoms of cataracts include blurry vision, as well as glare or halos around lights.
Almost everyone gets cataracts eventually, but factors such as sun exposure and smoking can increase your risk of developing cataracts earlier.
In the early stages, cataracts can be managed with a change in prescription eyeglasses. However, as the cataract becomes more and more opaque, it will need to be removed through surgery.
The surgery is effective and relatively simple, and in most cases, the patient can regain their pre-cataract vision.
Conjunctivitis (also known as pink eye) occurs when the mucous membrane that covers your eye (called the conjunctiva) becomes irritated. Conjunctivitis can be caused by a variety of factors including allergic reactions, viral infections, and bacterial infections.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis can include:
Each strain of conjunctivitis requires a different treatment, so it is imperative that you see an optometrist or doctor for an official diagnosis. Antihistamines can help with allergic conjunctivitis, but bacterial conjunctivitis will need to be treated with antibiotics. Depending on your strain of conjunctivitis you may or may not be contagious.
Whatever your eye care needs, we would love to help you. Head to our location on Fallowfield Road next to The Greenbelt Family Health Team.